Teaching courses

for student of the Department of Astrophysics and Stellar Astronomy

Fixed courses on years

1st year  General Astronomy (Kononovich, Postnov, Kuimov)  *  *
 Spherical Astronomy(Blinov)    *
 Mathematical Processing(Panteleev)  *  
2nd year  Galactic Astronomy (Rastorguev)  *  *
 General Astrometry (Kuimov)  *  
3rd year  Practical Astrophysics (Scheglov)    *
 General Astrophysics (Zasov, Postnov)  *  *
 Celestial Mechanics (Lukianov)  *  *
 Course from list of choice    *
 Course from list of choice  *  
4th year  Theoretical Astrophysics (Lipunov, Bychkov)  *  *
 Geophysics and physics of the planets(Kurt, Panteleev)  *  *
 Course from list of choice  *  *
 Course from list of choice  *  
 History of Astronomy (Eremeeva)    *

5th year

(old plan)

 Geophysics and physics of the planets (Kurt, Panteleev)  *  *
 Course from list of choice  *  *
 Course from list of choice  *  *

List of choice courses

 Lecturer  Subject

Sutable for








 B.P.Artamonov  Astrospectroscopy  *        
 N.G.Bochkarev  Additional problems in theoretical astrophysics        *  
 K.V.Bychkov  Plasma Physics in Astronomy  *        
 A.M.Cherepashchuk  Close Binary Stars      

 Chermin  Dynamics of Galaxy Groups    

 Yu.A.Fadeev  Theory of stellar pulsations    


 A.M.Fridman  Nonlinear processes in astrophysical discs    


 D.Garuzda  Radioastronomy with VLBA  *    *    
 E.V.Glushkova  Stars Clusters 

 V.K.Konnikova  Practical radioastronomy    *      
 E.V.Kononovich  Solar Physics        

 V.G.Kurt  Outerspace astronomy        

 V.M.Lipunov  Astrophysics of Neutron Stars and Black Holes    

 M.A.Lifshits  Cosmic Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics      

 T.A.Lozinskaya  Supernovas in interstellar medium    


 A.V.Mironov  Backgrounds of precision photometry of the stars  



 G.M.Rudnitskij  Radioastronomy    


 N.N.Samus'  Variable stars  

 M.V.Sazhin  Cosmology      

 B.V.Somov  Cosmic electrodynamics and physics of the sun    

 V.G.Surdin  Star Formation    


 A.A.Tokovinin  Methods of observations with high angular resolution    

 A.V.Zasov  Physics of Galaxies



 K.P.Feoktistov  Spacecrafts for astronomical studies    


Short Annotations of courses and further refferences.

General Astronomy.

Basics of the astronomy. Coordinate systems. Solar System and its population. The Sun as a star. Stars and constellations. Stellar magnitudes and distances. Stellar masses, radii, luminosities and temperatures. Color-magnitude diagram and basics of stellar evolution. Spectral classifications. Two-body problem and planetary orbits. Kepler laws. The world of galaxies. Irregular, spiral and elliptic galaxies. Their sizes and luminosities. The elements of cosmology. Expanding Universe and the Big Bang. Hubble constant. Astronomical instruments. Telescopes and equipement. Astronomical photography. Concept of stellar photometry. CCD detectors and its use.

General Astrophysics.

This is introductory course for students of the third year of education which are familiar with elementary astronomy and general physics. It includes the next most essentual topics. Physics of interstellar medium. Normal and degenerate stars. Variable and exploding stars. The Sun. General structure and global physical processes in our Galaxy and in other galaxies Basic concepts of the stellar energy sources and of the stellar evolution.

Galactic Astronomy.

Observational backgrounds. Basics of statistical astronomy. Recent astronomical catalog. Photometry and light-absorption. Color-magnitude diagrams. Kinematics of Galaxy. Rotation law. Ogorodnikov-Hilue kinematics and Bottlinger equations. Radial motions of centroids and spiral structure. Random velocities of the stars. Galactical structure. Integral equation of stellar statistics and its solutions. Multicomponent Galaxy models. The consept of stellar populations. The connection of chemistry, kinematics and structure of galactic subsystems. Open and global clusters and their role in the study of galactic structure and evolution. The elements of stellar dynamics.

Practical Astrophysics.

Basic astrophysical equipment. Optical telescopes. Limiting resolution and sensitivity for stars and extended objects. Optical aberratioins. The effects of earth atmosphere. Image quality. "Atmospheric mass" and the absorbtion of light. Radiation receivers for optical and infrared ranges. Astronomical photography and plate characteristics. Filters and the classification of photometric systems. Photographic photometry. Optical device of the photoelectric photometers. Spectral devices. Echele-spectrograph. Correlational methods of spectral data analysis. Polarimetry. Spectrophotometry. Optical interferometers and the radii of stars. CCD-devices in astronomy. Image processing. MIDAS, IRAF and DAOPHOT programs. Radiotelescopes and radio receivers. Very long baseline radiointerferometry. Nois and its limitations.

Star Clusters.

Star clusters classifications. "Color-magnitude" diagram ant its interpretation. Ages and chemical abundances of star clusrers. Globular and open clusters as archetypes of the halo and disk of the Galaxy. The kinematics and dynamics of star clusters.

Theoretical Astrophysics.

This lectures are aimed at showing how fundamental physical laws allow to understand cosmic phenomena and processes in the Universe. The one-year course includes theory of radiation transfer, theory of internal stellar structure with account of binary systems with compact comapnions. Basic physical concepts on the process in the Universe are also considered.

Astrophysics of Neutron Stars and Black Holes

This half-year course is devoted to introducing into modern theory of astrophysical apperance of black holes and neutron stars. Problems of hydrodynamical accretion and interaction of astrophysical plasma with electromagnetic field of magnetized compact stars are considered. Modern models of X-ray and radiopulsars, X-ray bursters, black hole candidates and other manifestations of neutron stars and black holes are discussed.

Physics of Galaxies.

General observational properties of galaxies of different morphological types, the main sources of radiation at different wavelength. Stellar contets and evolutionary status of galaxies. Interstellar medium in galaxies and star formation. Elements of stellar and gaseous dynamics of galaxies. Spiral structure and its possible origin. Circumnuclear regions and nuclei of galaxies.

9, 10 semester Equilibrium and Stability of the Gravitating Systems.

The elements of stellar dynamics. General equations of collisionless systems. Flat gravitating systems. Spherical gravitating systems. Rotating systems with cylindric symmetry. Equilibrium and stability of ellipsoidal systems. Jeans instability and its manifestation in the physics of galaxies. Alternative gravitational instabilities. Non-linear effects in gravitating systems. Spiral structure in galaxies.

4 course 8 semester, 5 course 9, 10 semester Electrodynamics of Cosmic Plasma. Electromagnetic fields in the Universe. Charged particles and cosmic plasma in the magnetic field. Megnetic fields of the Earth and planets. Phisical processes in active phenomena in solar atmosphere. Magnetic fields of stars and light polarization.

Geophysics for Astronomers.

Earth as a planet. Basic consepts of the theory of Earth geometry. Gravitational field of the Earth. Structure and chemical composition of Earth atmosphere. Light propagation and spread in the Earth atmosphere. Atmospheric turbulence and image quality. The equipent for the investigations of earth environnements and its gravitation field.

Close Binary Stars.

Classification of close binaries and their astrophysical manifestation. Regularization theory and the methods of calculations of binary's physical parameters. Stellar evolution in close binaries. Relativistic stars in close binary systems.

Solar Physics.

History of research. Tools and methods. The Sun as a star. Main parameter Internal constitution. Evolution. Convection zone and its role for Sun like stars. Solar atmosphere and its Subdivision. Transient layers. Solar wind. Solar atmosphere fine structure. Granulation. Supergranulation. Spicules. Non LTE spectral lines formation. Heloiseismology: principles, methods, achivements. Structure and dynamics of the solar magnetic fields. Solar dynamo mechanizms. Solar activity and its atmospheric display. Sunspots, faculae, prominances, flares, coronal mass ejections. Solar cycle. Properties and possible mechnizms. Solar-terrestrial relationship.

Mathematical Processing

Observational data, numbers, curves, tables. Interpolation, digital differentiating and integrating. Statistical theory of errors. Processing of observation series. Least square method. Elements of theory of correlation. Interval estimations.

Spherical Astronomy

Systems of coordinates and their's transformations. The time and its measurement. Precession, nutation and the Earth's poles motion. Aberration of light. Parallax. Astronomical refraction. Reductional calculations. Fundamental constants of astronomy.

General Astrometry

This course highlights different methods of arrangement of the astronomical coordinates systems and time scales, and also methods for measuring of coordinates and velocity components of celestial bodies based on astronomical observations (including observations from the outer space). Application of the statistical methods to the analysis of observational data.

Celestial Mechanics

Unperturbed motion. Expansions in series of coordinates and velocities of unperturbed motion. Calculation of ephemerides of celestial bodies. Perturbed motion. Osculating elements. Methods of solution of the equations of motion. Restricted problem of three bodies. Main features in the motion of the satellites.

Page made by V.Baturin, vab@sai.msu.su. Updated: April 1,97